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Summary - Giving a speech is way different from writing an article: you can edit your texts but not take back your words once spoken.... So, you must prepare before your speech delivery. But in the case of an extemporaneous speech, you have to improvise the key points. Also, you must properly choose your facts and language to impress the audience.

So, it is a test for your critical thinking and analytical abilities. In an extemporaneous speech, you may have a little time for preparation before you start speaking, but these are not scripted speeches. So you can’t read it out in front of the audience. However, you may keep note cards of the outline for referring to the key points during your speech.

To understand different types of speeches, you must know their purposes and in which scenario they are presented. This blog will provide a thorough insight into extemporaneous presentation, so let’s start from the beginning.

What is an Extemporaneous Speech?

What Is Extemporaneous Speech

An extemporaneous speech refers to speeches delivered with minimal or no preparation or rehearsal. The word ”extemporaneous” came from the Latin word “ex tempore,” which means “out of the moment.” It is also known as an impromptu or spontaneous speech, requiring critical thinking ability and prompt response. Extemporaneous speakers need to think on their feet and devise a logical reaction almost instantly.

You may not know an accurate extemporaneous speech definition, but you use it in your daily interactions. For example, suppose you arrived late for a meeting and must convince your boss of the reason. Often, you prepare your speech on the way to your office and devise the specific wording quickly to convince your employer successfully.

For extemporaneous speaking, the speaker needs to improvise the script from their knowledge and expertise on the subject matter. Hence, before presenting an impromptu speech, you must thoroughly prepare the topic of discussion.

Where is Extemporaneous Speech Delivered?

Where is Extemporaneous Speech Delivered?

Commonly, extemporaneous delivery is required in an academic competition, business or professional conference, celebration toast, debate association, public speaking, community meeting, and penal discussions workshop. Precisely extemporaneous speeches are conversational styles where speakers can refer to notes during their speech.

Extemporaneous delivery is required in coherent and persuasive speeches where speakers need to influence the audience with logical interpretations. Often, technical support like a visual aid or graphical presentation is unavailable. So the speaker needs to prove the main point with effective verbal communication and convincing gestures, like eye contact and facial expressions.

So, to deliver a successful extemporaneous speech, the speaker must combine single words almost instantly that logically make sense to the audience. You may outline the main points which you will mention in your speech. If you require any additional help regarding extemporaneous speech outline, our blogs on do my online class can give comprehensive ideas regarding the practice and delivery of speeches on any given topic.

How to prepare the speech outline:

When you create a speech outline, remember that each point takes about a minute to talk on. Generally, a seven-minute speech requires at least thirty minutes of intense practice. Also, this time may extend if the audience comes out with new queries. So prepare all relevant questions to help explain all audience queries.

Also, some questions can be answered with a single word, while others require elaboration. And you must keep the audience satisfied, so responding off the cuff is the best solution for a successful public speaking session.

What are Extemporaneous Speech Examples?

What are Extemporaneous Speech Examples?

As mentioned, we use extemporaneous talking in our daily interactions. Suppose you come home late at night. You must have some prepared ideas for possible excuses to convince your parents or guardians.

You may need to deliver unprepared speeches to larger audiences when participating in a conference, celebration toast, debate, meeting, or discussion. So, you get a shorter preparation time compared to a memorized speech.

Often we are asked to deliver a commemorative speech without preparation (when we didn’t know the date and topic of the celebration prior). Here are some examples of extemporaneous speaking.

  • Students debate “the significant reactions of digital advancement in our society” or “the importance of effective communication in the digital age.”
  • A toast speech at your friend’s wedding, a type of speech for commemoration, is where you are not the best mate but are still asked to talk about the bride.
  • In business meetings and conferences, you need to convince the audience of the effectiveness of your product or service. You may need to answer random questions from the audience logically. 
  • A group discussion session can assess how positive thinking transitions our lives to success and what are the few ways of achieving it.
  • Speaking in an awareness campaign about the importance of good mental health gives the audience scope to come up with bizarre queries that you need to answer promptly.

So, extemporaneous speaking ability is an essential skill that will empower you to voice arguments confidently. You must be well aware of the context For an impromptu speech delivery. It’s better to research and be prepared before talking to an audience. You may research online for more topics for extemporaneous speech.

Also, keep notes of the main point for your “speech extemporaneous delivery.” If you know the possible topics, note the main points you will mention during your speech. Suppose you get some persuasive speech topics; list every crucial point in your note cards and start practicing during the short time you have.

Benefits of Extemporaneous Public Speaking:

Benefits of Extemporaneous Public Speaking:
There is a unique charm in delivering extemporaneous speeches. The speaker only gets a little time to prepare and needs to form his own words spontaneously to answer unexpected queries during a public-speaking session. There are several advantages of extemporaneous speech.

1. It Enhances Adaptability and Flexibility Compared to a Memorized Speech:

Impromptu speeches require quick responses without prior rehearsal. So, it develops the valuable skill of prompt organization of thoughts and coherent articulation that makes you confident during unexpected verbal interactions without time to prepare on the topic. Also, it guides you to focus on the major points and choose the appropriate language – impromptu – to express yourself.

2. Develops Critical Thinking Skills in Students:

Students are often asked to talk about their points of interest or regarding some current events. It requires the speaker to analyze information, evaluate different perspectives, and form well-reasoned opinions that logically satisfy the audience. In several cases, students are asked to speak on current events, which develops their analytical ability, and they learn how to use the evidence.

3. A Successful Extemporaneous Speech Improves Communication Skills:

Being impromptu helps students develop the ability to communicate effectively and establish their thoughts within a limited timeframe. Public speaking also improves nonverbal communication skills, eye contact, positive gestures, and proper language selection.

4. Preparing for Impromptu Boosts Confidence and Overcomes Fear:

As in memorized speaking, many hesitate to talk impromptu to audiences due to nervousness and lack of self-reliance. So, students need to practice delivering their verbal expressions spontaneously. Choosing their topics of interest will improve their impromptu speaking capability.

So, consistent practice is the key to spontaneous speech delivery. Also, you must structure the phrases in writing. An outline is also essential for extemporaneous writing; it gives you an idea of the language and format of different written scripts.

Whether you are trying to write scripts for United States extemp or want information about how to write a claim, you must choose the language wisely. Focus on the phrases appropriate for your expressions.

What is the structure of an Extemporaneous Speech?

What is the structure of an Extemporaneous Speech?

Like every other written and speech format, an extempore speech has three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. Every professional speaker follows these tips for extemporaneous speaking, whether giving a toast articulation or a national speech. Here we will briefly explain these three essential parts of a speech.


It refers to the opening sentence that must grab the audience’s attention. It will help the audience get an overall idea of what you will speak. So, start your speech with the topic or argument to get all the focus.


Speakers get the most chances to interact with the audience. Once you introduce your topic, you must explain it with reliable evidence and examples. In this section, the speaker needs to provide logical explanations to convince the audience about the authenticity of the information.


It is the final part of the speech, where speakers give their conclusive statements. You must summarize all crucial points to give a review to your audience. You may finish your speech with motivational quotations to inspire listeners and create a positive vibe.

You can refer to spatial order concepts to structure your speech to convey your message clearly and concisely to your audience. Wisely choose your language to leave a lasting impression on the audience.

Key Takeaways:

Extemporaneous speeches are spoken without any prior preparation. They help boost confidence and overcome stage fear. It is involved in our daily lives, which include regular interactions, academic assessments, professional or business conferences, and debate sessions.

Practice interacting with people to share your ideas and answer their questions. It will help prepare you for an extemporaneous speech delivery anytime, anywhere.

 Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the meaning of extemporaneous speech?

In extemporaneous speaking, the speaker speaks without advanced thoughts; they get little or no time to prepare. It is a conversational style we can observe in debates, conferences, meetings, or toast celebrations.

2. How do you practice extemporaneous speaking?

Often, extemporaneous speeches give you little time to prepare. So, you must adopt quick thinking and prompt analytical skills to empower you to devise logical responses and convincing descriptions of any topic.

3. What are a few components of extemporaneous speech?

Impromptu speeches include the same components as any other speaking format:  introduction, body, and conclusion. Also, the speaker needs to improvise the speech within a short time. So, quick outlining ability is required.

4. What is the difference between extemporaneous and impromptu speech?

Extemporaneous speaking follows a conversational style, while impromptu refers to delivering a message in specific circumstances, like marriages, parties, etc.

5. What is the characteristic of extemporaneous speech?

In an extemporaneous speech, the speaker gets a little time to prepare, so they can refer to notes during their speech but can’t refer to scripts, as we see in examples of manuscript speech.

6. How long is an extemporaneous speech?

In international extemp competitions, participants are asked for a seven-minute speech delivery. You must include at least seven points in your notes. Also, the duration depends on extemporaneous speech topics.

7. What is extemporaneous speech used for?

Extemporaneous speech is used to check the instant response of a person on a topic. Sometimes, speakers get an hour to prepare before speaking.

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George Orwell